You Got Live Action in My Animation!

One thing I wanted to mention about the most recent Simpsons episode was the use of live action footage. Principal Skinner forces the students at Springfield Elementary School to sit through all 152 minutes of the 1967 Doctor Dolittle, and we see bits of the actual movie. It seems like this isn’t something the show would have done in its earlier days, when everything was animated. The only early exceptions I can think of were in Halloween episodes, like when Homer fell out of the third dimension into a live-action street, and when an animated Bart and Lisa ended up with a live Regis and Kathie Lee.

The Christmas episode “‘Tis the Fifteenth Season” had the characters watching television specials using stop-motion puppets and Claymation, and they actually used these styles of animation instead of just drawing them.

It looked weird, but it was cool that they were able to make the parodies appear more accurate. By using footage from an actual movie, they were able to joke about specific scenes without having to animate them, which worked, although you could potentially argue it was a little bit lazy.

I’d actually been reading about Who Framed Roger Rabbit on TV Tropes recently, and that ties into this. Mixing live action and animation was certainly nothing new by the late 1980s. The full-length Disney features that used both tended to use the cartoons in imaginary or fantastic scenes, like inside a chalk drawing in Mary Poppins, or on a magical island in Bedknobs and Broomsticks.

Disney’s Alice Comedies from the 1920s had a live actress in a cartoon world, and there were scenes of Mickey Mouse and Donald Duck interacting with live-action people in Fantasia and The Three Caballeros, respectively.

Warner Bros. did something similar with Daffy Duck and Porky Pig in a 1940 short. The idea that cartoon characters are actors playing roles was used since the early days of animation, and Roger Rabbit expanded upon this idea, also making Toons a persecuted minority of sorts.

I’ve seen the question raised as to whether there are any animators in the Roger Rabbit world, but it’s never addressed. Although a Disney production, the film included cartoon stars from other companies, including the only official scenes with Mickey and Bugs Bunny together.

I’m not sure how true it is, but I’ve read that Judge Doom’s plot to buy up streetcars and put them out of commission, based on an accusation against General Motors for doing the same thing, was going to be the plot of a Chinatown sequel before it was used here instead. There already were freeways in 1947, but I think they’re allowed a little artistic license. They also had Eddie Valiant and Roger watch a Goofy cartoon that wouldn’t come out for another two years.

The animated series Bonkers, aired as part of the Disney Afternoon, used much the same premise as Roger Rabbit, and its lead character Bonkers D. Bobcat was a lot like Roger. The common rumor is that Disney had wanted to do a Roger Rabbit series but couldn’t clear the rights, but apparently such was never the case, and it was just heavily inspired by the movie. Of course, since there’s no live action in it, it’s harder to tell the difference between Toons and humans. For the most part, the human characters are just less colorful and zany, and are drawn with five fingers instead of four. While we get the idea, and I’m sure they didn’t have the budget to put in live actors, it’s not as much fun to watch. One odd thing about the show was that Bonkers had two different partners, and there were clear differences in style between the Lucky Piquel and Miranda Wright episodes.

While the Lucky episodes aired first, the Miranda ones were actually made first, and delayed because of poor quality. A good number of them were never aired at all. So instead they brought in Lucky, who in many ways was basically a G-rated Eddie Valiant, making the connections to Roger even stronger than before. A two-part pilot launched the show, and another episode made a transition between the two partners, making it clear that the Miranda episodes officially took place after the Lucky ones. I understand that they stopped showing that episode after the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, as the main villain was a terrorist bomber. While the show was never that great, it had its moments, more so in the Lucky episodes. The Miranda ones did feature Bonkers’ co-stars from the shorts shown on Raw Toonage; they were only in the first and last Lucky episodes.

Also, Chief Kanifky, a minor presence in the Miranda episodes, became a major character in the Lucky ones.

I remember thinking that Fall-Apart Rabbit, Bonkers’ friend and stunt double when Lucky was his partner, had a similar to voice to that of the dog Runt on Animaniacs, which in turn was based on Dustin Hoffman in Rain Man. Frank Welker did voice both characters. I read that Bonkers was a proposed name for Animaniacs, which is part of why the latter show took a fair number of shots at the former. Animaniacs is a better title, though, so they really dodged a Toon bullet there.

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Messing Around in Boats

I made some puns on the term “ship” last week, and that made me realize I don’t believe I’ve written a post about boats in the Oz series. There don’t seem to be that many boats in Oz proper, seeing as how it’s a landlocked country, but the Tin Woodman and other characters do seem to be able to easily construct rafts from whatever wood they happen to find near a river. Super-skilled carpenter Johnny Dooit makes a sand boat for Dorothy and the Shaggy Man to cross the Deadly Desert in The Road to Oz, but it’s smashed on the rocks at the border. Despite an odd statement by Ruth Plumly Thompson in Royal Book, there are several ferries across rivers, the most notable being the one who lost the ability to communicate with animals after torturing a few of them.

He says the Tin Woodman was responsible for his punishment, but he doesn’t explain how. There’s also Howzatagin at the Red Gorge in Merry Go Round, who is quite kind to animals.

The Scarecrow and Tin Woodman take an ill-fated boating expedition in one of the Little Wizard Stories, and try again more successfully with the Blue Moon in Ozmapolitan. It’s shaped like a gondola and painted sky blue, with a seahorse figurehead.

In the same book, Septimius Septentrion and Jinx fix up an old boat they find in the gardener’s tool shed at the Tin Castle, and name it the Princess Dorothy. The crow Cornelius ends up sinking it.

The Skeezers have magical submarines, the Sultan of Samandra a sampan, and the fortune teller Skipper Sally a gingerbread houseboat on the Winkie River.

An oracular crystal ball in Merry Go Round is set on a coracle on a lake of ink. In the Fiddlestick Forest is the Fiddlebow Boat, which is shaped like a hollowed-out violin with a bow for an oar.

And in Jack Snow’s Magical Mimics, Cap’n Bill is making a boat for Ozma to go sailing on Lake Quad.

Perhaps the most famous ship in the series wasn’t constructed in Oz, but has been there a few times. The Crescent Moon belongs to Sir Samuel Salt, Royal Explorer of Oz, and was formerly the best ship of his pirate crew. Described in Captain Salt by Roger the Read Bird as “a square rigged three masted sailing vessel,” it gains another mast when the captain saws off the tusk of a giant narwhal that had caught on to the boat. In Pirates, the crew is unrealistically small for a ship of its size, but Thompson gets around this in Captain Salt by having the Red Jinn supply “self-hoisting sails and a mechanical steering control,” as well as balloon sails that enable it to take to the air if necessary.

Additional magical contrivances, including a self-cleaning tank for the hippopotamus Nikobo (who had ridden on a raft behind the ship in Captain Salt) and a charm on the steering wheel that can locate crew members, as well as a magical preserving gel created by the sorceress Maetta, are introduced in Royal Explorers. The Captain Salt books introduce several other vessels as well: the pirates’ second-best ship Sea Lion, the Octagon Isle’s royal ship Octopus, the Duke of Dork’s castle boat, and the Mountain Lass of Peakenspire. The castle boat is made of gray stone with a high stone wall, and has no visible means of locomotion.

Peter Brown suspects it’s powered by electricity. The Mountain Lass is intended to cut down invading ships, and is originally limited to one use, but the captain promises to send the Prince of Peakenspire some balloon sails for it.

As far as other ships outside Oz proper (as well as a few in it that made more sense to list here, at least for me), Rinkitink shows us the ships of Rinkitink and the twin islands of Regos and Coregos, as well as the magical boat that the White Pearl provides for Prince Inga of Pingaree. The latter is black on the outside and silver on the inside.

In Gnome King, Polacky the Plunderer’s sunken ship Blunderoo rises to the surface in a seaquake and remains seaworthy after that, raising the question of how it sank in the first place. The Red Jinn’s yacht, made of red metal, glass, and ruby, sinks during the course of Marcus Mebes’ Shipwrecked. By the time of Royal Explorers, he’s either had that one repaired or a new one constructed, and this one can fly. Prince Bobo of Boboland has a schooner called the Hippocampus, which is stolen by pirates. The wooden whale Davy Jones is a ship as well as a character, and I suppose the same could be said about Tugg in Roger Baum’s Dorothy. He’s able to talk because he’s made from the wood of talking trees, which makes sense in Oz.

In Legends of Oz, Tugg was voiced by Sir Patrick Stewart.

A similar idea was used in Hidden Valley, when Nick Chopper unwittingly makes a raft from sentient and malicious wood, which then does its best to stop Nick and his friends from crossing the river. Fortunately, they manage to trick it with reverse psychology.

Posted in Dick Martin, Eloise Jarvis McGraw, Jack Snow, Jared Davis, Jeff Rester, L. Frank Baum, Marcus Mebes, Oz, Oz Authors, Rachel Cosgrove Payes, Ruth Plumly Thompson | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Fantastic Firsts

Fantastic Four Masterworks, Volume 1, by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby – The Fantastic Four marked the beginning of Marvel Comics’ glory days in the 1960s, bringing back superheroes for a new era. A scientist, his best friend, his girlfriend, and her brother go into space and are given superpowers by cosmic radiation. Back then, radiation was basically an excuse for magic, even though it gave people cancer much more often than it did supernatural abilities. The Four don’t maintain secret identities, and only started wearing special outfits once readers demanded it. It’s strange how often the group disbands in just the first few issues, with Ben Grimm often fighting his teammates and storming off (probably not helped by the fact that even his best friend tends to call him “Thing”), and Johnny Storm’s hotheaded attitude getting him in trouble as well.

I was also struck by how meta-referential they often were right out of the gate. Marvel Comics exist within this universe, and at one point Doctor Doom shows up to menace Lee and Kirby themselves.

If they’re writing about real people, why do they need to create villains?
At one point Johnny finds an old comic about Namor the Sub-Mariner, a super-powered villain and sometimes hero from the 1940s, then finds an amnesiac Namor himself in the same building.

I guess he kept the comic as a memento? Johnny also once compares Ben to the Hulk, another new character who was introduced around the same time, although it would be a while before they actually met (i.e., not in this volume).

Namor makes several appearances, being established as having a thing for Sue, and while she doesn’t quite return his feelings she does sympathize with him. Other villains making their debuts here are Doom himself, the Mole Man, the shape-shifting alien Skrulls, and the Puppet Master. The latter is the stepfather of a blind woman named Alicia Masters who becomes Ben’s love interest, and also looks a lot like Sue. I’m assuming she went blind from looking at her stepfather’s face.

I haven’t seen any of the FF movies, by the way. From what I’ve heard, none of them are all that good.

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Mission: Empusa-ble

While our culture currently has a pretty specific idea of what vampires are, legends of bloodsucking creatures aren’t limited to any one historical culture, and the details can vary quite a bit. I’ve focused on some of these regional vampires before, and this time I’m taking a look at the Greek Empusa. As with other mythological monsters, the Empusa is sometimes treated as an individual, and other times as a species. Traditionally, the parents of the original Empusa are the goddess Hecate and a demonic being called Mormo. What I’ve seen online suggests that Mormo was basically the ancient Greek bogeyman, a monster that would bite or suck the blood of misbehaving children. It’s amazing how many monsters have their origins in trying to scare kids straight.

Empusa was sort of a succubus, seducing men and then sucking their blood (which I guess made her more of a SUCK-ubus) and eating their flesh. While she could change shape, she generally appeared with one donkey’s leg and another made of brass.

Some descriptions gave her flaming hair and parts of a dog or cow. As a group, the Empusae would guard roads and attack travelers. You could cause them to flee by shouting insults at them, which must have made travel down Greek roads interesting and noisy. The demonic Lamia was sometimes said to be an Empusa, or at least closely related to them. The first Empusa’s father also changed from an individual to a group, the Mormolyceae. It became common for them to be seen as female rather than male, but I’m sure gender is fluid for shape-changers anyway. I’m reminded of how Chris Claremont originally intended for Mystique to be Nightcrawler’s father, with Destiny as her partner and Kurt’s mother.

Anton LaVey mentions Mormo in his Satanic Bible as the consort of Hecate and father of ghouls.

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Meat, Mazes, and Math

Just a few miscellaneous movie reviews this time:

Leonard Part 6 – We all know by now that Bill Cosby is not just a rapist but also a major hypocrite, telling everyone else how they should act when he’s being a total creep. This movie would be bad even if I weren’t watching it knowing this, though. One big problem is how slow everything is. The gags aren’t that funny anyway, but I could see kids laughing at them if they weren’t drawn out all that much.

The basic premise of a secret agent fighting trained animals seems good enough for dumb humor, but when Cosby scares lobsters with melted butter, we get it without his over-explaining it. There’s also a weird message in that the film makes a big deal out of the main villain being a vegetarian, and Cosby fights off her henchmen by throwing meat at them.

Does he have something against vegetarians, like the lady who wrote Troll 2? There’s an additional plot about Leonard getting back together with his ex-wife, with whom he’s disturbingly obsessed. Are we supposed to think it’s endearing that he’s still devoted to monogamy even after she’s left him, despite the fact that she left because he came close to cheating on her? Cos, I don’t get your moral lessons, and you usually make those painfully obvious. The title is explained at the beginning with the butler saying something about how Leonard’s first five adventures aren’t allowed to be released. Apparently the way the film turned out had to do with Cosby assuming he knew what he was doing, and not allowing much in the way of editing. It was a flop even when Cosby was popular for a reason. I feel I should point out that watching this was Beth’s idea, as she loves to force me to watch crap. Ghost Dad is also on our Netflix queue, and I had originally wanted to review them together, but shipping is delayed on it for some reason.

Cube – A group of people are stuck in a maze of cubes, some of which are booby-trapped, and are trying to make their way out. Fortunately, one of them is able to work complex mathematics in her head. Unfortunately, another one is a total jerk who bosses everyone around, kills the others for no real reason, and even hints that he wants to rape the math lady. He’s also the only black character, which has some unfortunate implications. It was an interesting enough idea, but really couldn’t carry a full-length movie.

Rain Man – Hey, another movie with a person who can work complicated math problems in his head! I’d seen this before, but I don’t think I’d ever watched it all the way through. It apparently brought some attention to autism back in the late 1980s when it was made. A psychiatrist mentions that Dustin Hoffman’s character Raymond is what used to be called an idiot savant, before that was deemed too insulting. Apparently not all savants are on the autistic spectrum, but many are. It also seems to be a given in fiction that if a character is written as really stupid, they’ll inevitably have one thing at which they’re really good, or at least the occasional speech showing unusual intelligence. I’ve been diagnosed as being on the autistic spectrum myself, and I did notice some similarities to the character of Raymond, like a strict adherence to routine and a lack of social skills. On the other hand, I can’t multiply large numbers in my head or memorize the phone book. The other thing this movie made me wonder is how a casino would really have any authority to crack down on card-counting. I mean, things are always set up so the house wins most of the time, but it’s not like being good at remembering things is cheating. It’s kind of what you’re supposed to do when playing games that rely on getting specific cards. Beth mentioned that Raymond going back to the mental institution at the end is likely not how the film would end if made nowadays. Tom Cruise’s character obviously wasn’t qualified to take care of him, but he DID get Raymond to open up a bit, something that couldn’t happen if he’s kept isolated. Hopefully his psychiatrist will make more efforts to get him to socialize. By the way, have you noticed how similar this movie is to the Nintendo promotional film The Wizard?

Posted in VoVat Goes to the Movies, Humor, Games, Health | Tagged , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Space Between the Oddballs Is So Very Long

Frank Black, Oddballs – Released in 2000, this one is a collection of B-sides and other material that hadn’t been properly released on an album. The name reflects both the nature of the album and the title of one of its best songs. The Wikipedia article is very brief, but includes Frank’s own influences for each song. And that cover is a little disturbing, isn’t it?

Pray a Little Faster – I suspect there’s a certain amount of sarcasm involved in the lyrics here, since it basically implies all religions are pretty much the same, and that the speed and volume of prayers make a difference. The lyrics have some pretty clever turns of phrase: “Pig Latin or pidgin/Just get religion” and “Pray to the trees or pray to the sun/If you don’t believe, pray to the alien.”

Oddball – A pretty little song with some great guitar from Lyle Workman. I also appreciate when Frank gets conversational in the middle of a song, in this case with the spoken line, “Okay, now I’d like to talk to all of you about math.” Mono Puff, the side project of John Flansburgh of They Might Be Giants, covered this one. Their cover is pretty straight, right down to Workman playing on it, although Flans doesn’t attempt Frank’s hisses and growls.

Village of the Sun – I remember a review citing the opening line “Well, I’ve been hanging downside-up” as a rather lazy attempt at Frank to imitate some of his earlier wordplay. I like the song, but I think it kind of comes off as needing a little more polishing; it’s very rambling. Then again, that’s kind of what makes it interesting.

Baby That’s Art – It doesn’t have a whole lot to say, but I like the guitar and the way Frank sings it. That’s art, I guess.

At the End of the World – While it’s probably not what you’d think from the title, this song is about John Candy’s death from a heart attack at age forty-three, and how it affected Frank. Apparently its initial release as a B-side was only about a month after the death. It mentions Candy’s place of death (Durango, Mexico), and how the comedian became famous through SCTV. I like the structure, as the number starts out fast and noisy, then becomes slow and sad for most of its running time, then goes back to the noise for the very end.

Can I Get a Witness? – Frank seems to have a fondness for the titular phrase, best known from gospel music. It’s not one of my favorites, but it’s pretty good.

Announcement – While I can’t decode all of the lyrics, it’s partially about just hanging out near a beach and trying to remember something. There’s a thematic similarity to “So. Bay,” and it might well take place in the same area. The last few minutes are all instrumental.

Hate Me – A pissed-off sort of song complaining about dress codes at bars and clubs, inspired by one specific incident where he wasn’t let in because of how he looked.

Remake/Remodel – Originally by Roxy Music, a band I know little about. Frank’s arrangement is raw and sparse compared to the original, lacking the piano and saxophone. I think I actually prefer the Roxy Music version; it’s more eclectic in its sound.

Frank does a good job singing it, though. He’s said he was trying to sound like Doug Sahm. The repeated lyric “CPL 593H” was an old license plate belonging to Bryan Ferry, who after selling it once saw an attractive woman get into it. The song is about wanting to approach the woman, but being too nervous.

Everybody Got the Beat – A short and simple song with a catchy riff that doesn’t let up. The lyrics seem to be about an unpopular person who comforts himself with music in his head, something with which I can definitely identify.

Jumping Beans – A fun song that gets a little psychedelic in sound at times, and is largely sung in a low-key way. Frank cited Lou Reed as an influence on it.

Just a Little – A very faithful cover of a song by a 1960s British band called the Beau Brummels. Actually, if I hadn’t found out when the band was active, I would have thought it was from the fifties.

Frank does a great job with this one; it sounds quite emotional.

You Never Heard About Me – Another pretty good one that tends to get lost in the mix, at least for me.

Man of Steel – Although the title is a reference to Superman, the lyrics return to Frank’s theme of driving around at night and staring up at the stars while feeling lonely. It’s very forlorn, a mood I think really works for Frank. I guess it actually could be about Superman, as he’s an alien who lost his home world. It also appears on a compilation album of songs inspired by The X-Files, which makes sense.

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The Royal Ships of Oz

While I don’t think shipping has ever been quite as common for Oz as for many other fandoms, it’s definitely been gaining prominence as of late. Not surprisingly, one of the main targets is the beautiful and powerful Ozma, who also has had the unusual experience of being both a boy and a girl. Some people have read Ozma and Dorothy as essentially a couple in the later L. Frank Baum books, although they’re generally portrayed as too young for their relationship to be sexual.

(Okay, it would be POSSIBLE to have sex at around fifteen and eleven, but a little disturbing for a children’s series.) I read a fanfic recently that had Ozma and Dorothy getting married. Dorothy has been paired off with other characters as well. I’ve seen a few stories where she ends up marrying Ojo, and Ron Baxley Jr.’s work brings in a new potential love interest for the heroine from Kansas. Pretty much all of the characters had children in the non-canonical Oz Kids series, but I believe the only actual couples hinted at were Dorothy and Zeb Hugson and the Scarecrow and the Patchwork Girl. Zeb identifies himself as Dorothy’s cousin in Dorothy and the Wizard in Oz, but the way he does so makes it clear they’re not actually blood relatives.

The Scarecrow and Scraps are also popular candidates for marriage, although some think his relationship with the Tin Woodman is basically marriage in all but name, especially as portrayed in Tin Woodman.

In Melody Grandy’s Forever, Zim uses his healing magic to give Nick back his flesh body, and he gets back together with his old flame Nimmie Amee. A story by Aaron Adelman gave him a wife made of gold named Cynthia Cynch, after his girlfriend in the Wizard of Oz stage play. And the animated adaptation of Tin Woodman created a Tin Girl for him.

Other characters are more or less hinted in text to have eventually become more than friends. I’m not the only one who thought Prince Inga would get together with Zella, and Ryk Spoor’s Polychrome and a David Hulan piece for the Emerald City Mirror confirm this.

While Jenny Jump and Number Nine end Wonder City as pre-teens, I don’t think it’s too far-fetched to think they’d age a few years and then marry.

Ruth Plumly Thompson specifically states at the end of Speedy that she thinks he’ll eventually return to Umbrella Island and marry Princess Gureeda, but it still remains somewhat ambiguous.

They tie the knot in Ruth Waara’s Umbrella Island, while March Laumer’s Umbrellas subverts things by having them both end up with other people. In Hungry Tiger and Giant Horse, respectively, Betsy Bobbin and Trot become friendly with princes of around their age, but I tend to doubt Thompson intended this as a hint of budding romance. On the other hand, I got the impression that Handy Mandy was somewhat older, and I could see her hooking up with King Kerry of Keretaria.

I think I’ve seen at least one person other than myself suggest Prince Bobo marrying Princess Fluff of Noland, although Royal Explorers gives hints of a possible relationship between Bobo and Princess Truella of Mo instead.

Bringing stage and screen interpretations into the mix complicates things further, as Baum himself was prone to having characters get together in his plays. I believe The Tik-Tok Man of Oz (at least one version of it) ended with Betsy getting together with Tik-Tok (which I don’t think would even be possible as the mechanical man is written in the books) and the Shaggy Man with Queen Ann, while Ruggedo and Polychrome acknowledge feelings for each other. This latter actually IS hinted at in the Tik-Tok book, but in a more humorous way.

Laumer’s Oz books contain a lot of bizarre romantic entanglements. The Shaggy Man has a crush on Dorothy (yes, the age difference is discussed), and Polychrome has a thing for him. Ozma is also romantically interested in Dorothy, but she ends up marrying a man. The Cowardly Lion goes through with his arranged marriage to a lioness named Regina. Gayelette is turned into a giant frog and begins a relationship with the Frogman, while her former husband Quelala gets together with a girl from Unnekegwick. Glinda marries an adult Button-Bright, and an older Betsy gets involved with Carter Green. Finally, King Cheeriobed and Queen Orin get divorced, then remarry under assumed identities.

Stories by other authors have brought in original characters as love interests for familiar ones. Phyllis Ann Karr’s Maybe the Miffin and Jay V. Groves’s “Nero Zeero: Snoz of Oz” make Snif the Iffin and Queen Ann’s relationships central to their plots.

Toto was paired with a Scottish Terrier named Labyz in Chris Dulabone’s work, and a dog named Tita in Baxley’s. Baxley also gives the Wizard of Oz a wife, a music teacher named Madam Staffia. Charles Phipps’s The Engagement of Ozma introduces the Hungry Tiger’s mate, a white tiger named Sita, with Tige’s own name being established as Rama. Richard Quinn’s Red Reera the Yookoohoo sees Reera married to Prince Glenn of Portmore, and King Rinkitink to his childhood sweetheart Trinket.

In Polychrome, the Rainbow’s Daughter herself marries the mortal hero Erik Medon. Gina Wickwar’s Hidden Prince, on the other hand, suggests the beginning of a relationship between Polychrome and Prince Vitrix of Silica.

Tandy has a romantic relationship and even kids with the mermaid Chrysalissium (Sally for short) in Royal Explorers, although it’s cut short when she dies in an alternate dimension.

Dave Hardenbrook gives boyfriends to both Ozma and Jellia Jamb, and Grandy originally thought of Zim as a possible husband for Glinda. Hulan’s Glass Cat has Salye Soforth befriend Lando, the least bad of the Bad Lads, and has suggested that their friendship could develop into something more.

I’ve never seen anyone suggest a marriage for Wag from Kabumpo, even though he expressed the desire. But then, that was before he gained his enormous size. And the Thompson characters tend to be less popular for shipping anyway, although I have mentioned some exceptions (Speedy, Carter, Snif, and Tandy, for example). I don’t suppose there are any bugs Professor Wogglebug’s size for him date either, although he’ll presumably always be in love with a fabric pattern.

Posted in Characters, Chris Dulabone, Gina Wickwar, Jared Davis, Jeff Rester, John R. Neill, L. Frank Baum, March Laumer, Marcus Mebes, Melody Grandy, Oz, Oz Authors, Phyllis Ann Karr, Relationships, Ron Baxley Jr., Ruth Plumly Thompson | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 9 Comments