Yumbo World

Picture by xsunnybirdx
I recently came across a mention of Yumboes, a sort of fairy folk from Senegal, specifically from the folklore of the Wolof people. They’re said to live underground in the Paps, a range of hills about three miles from Goree Island. Another name for them is Bakhna Rakhna, or “Good People,” an appellation often applied to fairies. A Yumbo is generally around two feet tall, with silver hair and pearl-white skin. They dress in cotton garments like those of the humans in the area, and come out to dance in the moonlight. They’ve been known to steal corn and fire, the latter of which they’re apparently unable to make themselves. They catch fish on their own, however, and have been known to invite humans into their homes for meals. These guests have observed that the food is served by beings who are invisible except for their hands and feet. Yumboes are also known to attach themselves to particular families, joining in with grief when a family member dies, and sometimes dancing on their graves. Apparently that isn’t considered a sign of disrespect in Yumbo culture. Despite their thievery, they seem pretty friendly as far as fairies go.

Picture by Supermoon10

While I haven’t been keeping up with J.K. Rowling’s post-book expansions of aspects of the Harry Potter series, I know she’s mentioned Yumboes as the mascots for the Senegalese Quidditch team, and apparently considers them a subset of house-elves. Since elves in the series are generally willing slaves to humans, it strikes me as rather more problematic to make some of them African, even if they are specifically said to be white-skinned. There’s also a menu item at Burger King called a Yumbo, although I doubt there’s any connection. It’s a ham and cheese sandwich that they offered back in the 1970s. then recently brought back. I’ve never actually tried one, even though it sounds like it would be up my alley. I’m actually not even sure they’re still on the menu, but they were several months ago. Maybe the Senegalese fairies occasionally steal ham sandwiches as well.

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Fairy Tales from the Final Frontier

I haven’t been doing a lot of book reviews recently, have I? Well, maybe I have and just can’t remember. Regardless, I just finished one book and had a few others I didn’t think I could say enough about to fill a post, so here goes.

Winter, by Marissa Meyer – The last main book of the Lunar Chronicles, although there’s also a collection of related short stories called Stars Above out now. The series transposes classic fairy tale plots and characters into a futuristic setting. Previous books have done this with Cinderella, Little Red Riding Hood, and Rapunzel; and now it’s Snow White’s turn. She becomes Princess Winter, the evil Lunar Queen Levana’s stepdaughter, who is beautiful and charismatic but also suffers from hallucinations. There’s an equivalent of the poisoned apple, and the huntsman and prince become the same guy. This book also resolves the ongoing attempt by Cinder, the long-lost heir to the Lunar throne, to overthrow Levana. She and her friends stir up a people’s revolt on the Moon, and the protagonists live happily ever after, although not without some interesting twists. I appreciate how the books recreate old stories while also fitting into a larger plot involving conflict between Earth and the Moon. Sometimes the fairy tale elements develop over time, like how Carswell Thorne is already a major character in Scarlet before playing the role of Rapunzel’s prince in Cress. And I must congratulate the author on the effective marketing campaign of commenting on my posts. Okay, that might have only worked on me, but it was super effective nonetheless. I feel bad that I’ve missed every time Meyer has come to New York in the past few years; I’d like to meet her.

The Hard Facts of the Grimms’ Fairy Tales, by Maria Tatar – The scholar who did the annotations for The Annotated Brothers Grimm here does a general overview of the brothers’ collection of stories, noting how it developed and what changes they made to it. While it was first billed as a collection of folklore for fellow academics, it became popular with children, so the Grimms altered the tales accordingly. Interestingly, while they tended to edit out references to sex, they increased the violence in many cases. They also often changed evil mothers into stepmothers, both to make less cases of biological parents being abusive and to reflect realities in a time of scarce resources. Something like the Hansel and Gretel situation of the stepmother convincing her husband to abandon the kids out in the woods didn’t happen often, but it wasn’t totally outside the realm of possibility.

Emperor Mollusk versus the Sinister Brain, by A. Lee Martinez – A humorous science fiction tale about a super-intelligent invertebrate from Neptune who becomes the unquestioned overlord of Earth, then tires of it and gives up his title. With help from an officer from Venus, he has to unravel a complicated plot involving Atlantis, time travel, and the revived brains of historical figures. Emperor Mollusk is an interesting character, a megalomaniac who actually cares about his subjects, a brilliant scientist who will delve as deeply as he can into potentially dangerous experiments, and a narcissist who will walk right into hazardous situations because he’s confident he can get out again. Anti-hero would probably be an appropriate term, but he’s a little more complex than that. The universe in which the story takes place is one of pulp sci-fi, in which every planet in the solar system is inhabited and several conspiracy theories are true as well.

Djinn Rummy, by Tom Holt – Most of Holt’s comic fantasy books are now available electronically from the New York Public Library, so I’ve been catching up on them. There’s a certain repetitive style to them, even though the basic premise and the sort of fantasy being skewered differ from one book to the next. In this one, a suicidal woman finds a genie in a bottle of aspirin, and the two form an uneasy relationship. This genie also frequently thwarts the plans of a fellow of his who’s constantly trying to cause worldwide destruction. This other genie tries to thwart Kawasaki Integrated Circuits, or Kiss for short (jinn in this book have corporate sponsors) by getting Cupid to make Kiss fall in love with his mistress. As such, Kiss is worried about having to give up his immortality for her. Meanwhile, a young man is being taken on a series of adventures by an Australian dragon king who’s shown up in a few earlier books. This isn’t one of my favorite Holt books, at least partially because I never really got much of a sense of the characters, but there were some world-building elements involving genie society that I enjoyed.

Posted in A. Lee Martinez, Arabian, Authors, Book Reviews, Fairy Tales, Humor, Mythology, Tom Holt | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Hand Over That Rabbit Fur Coat

It’s now been ten years since the release of Jenny Lewis’ first solo album, Rabbit Fur Coat, and she’s now forty. The record has sort of a country/gospel sound to it, with the Watson Twins providing accompaniment. To mark this, Jenny played a few anniversary shows. I wasn’t able to get tickets to the first one in New York, but fortunately she added another day, which was yesterday. Even so, I ended up sitting in the very back row. The opener was M. Ward, who sang on Jenny’s cover of the Traveling Wilburys’ “Handle with Care.” I know he’s the Him from She and Him, but I’m not really familiar with his solo work, and I honestly can’t remember much about what he played. Oh, well. Jenny played two sets, joined on stage by the Watsons and a full band. The first was the entirety of Rabbit Fur Coat in order. It began with Jenny and the twins carrying out candles on “Run Devil Run,” for which they did not sing the additional lyrics that I remember from an earlier concert. After “You Are What You Love,” the band played while Jenny went off to change her outfit, then she returned for a solo version of the album’s title track. Ward joined her on “Handle with Care,” and one of the Watsons played a harmonica. I have to admit I don’t know which twin is which; they’re identical and part of their shtick seems to be operating as a single unit. At one point, they even drank from their water bottles at the same time. They do apparently play some different instruments, though.

For the second set, Jenny wore her rainbow suit from the cover of The Voyager and performed songs from throughout her career, including Rilo Kiley’s “Silver Lining” and “I Never.” I thought I saw an interview where she said she’d been playing “A Better Son/Daughter” recently, so I was a little disappointed not to hear that, but “I Never” is one of my favorite vocal performances of Jenny’s. She did more between-song banter during this set, like introducing “Just One of the Guys” as being about a drug dealer, then correcting herself to say it’s about a FERTILITY drug dealer. Also included in this set were “See Fernando,” for which she danced with the Watsons during the instrumental parts; and a cover of the Shirelles’ “I Met Him on a Sunday.” I’m glad I got to see this; it was an excellent production, and Jenny remains adorable, even if she won’t share her ice cream.

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Villains for Hire

Here are a few things I’ve watched recently and wanted to review, all combined into one post.

Big Fan – Patton Oswalt plays a guy from Staten Island who’s a major fan of the New York Giants, and spends most of his time writing trash talk toward other teams that he reads on a call-in sports show. Even though he still lives with his mom and works as a parking attendant, he seems fairly content. I can see his mom being annoyed at still having to take care of an adult, but she’s generally not all that sympathetic. She tells her son that everybody wants marriage and children, and defends another son who married his secretary after cheating on his first wife with her. The conflict arises when Oswalt’s character and his friend see their favorite player at a gas station and follow him to a strip club. When they let it slip that they followed him, the player severely beats Oswalt (his friend somehow manages to avoid violence). His family and the police urge him to press charges, but he doesn’t because he wants to the guy to keep playing. He eventually ends up in jail after assaulting a rival on the radio who supports the Philadelphia Eagles, but the ending establishes that he’s planning to just go back to his old ways after getting out. It’s an effectively dark look at taking fandom too far (it would probably work even if football weren’t his thing), yet it’s interesting that they didn’t just make the protagonist a total creep; you can generally see his point of view, if not so much when he stalks the guy. Beth said the film reminded her of Taxi Driver in that it felt closed in.

The Witches – This 1990 adaptation of the Roald Dahl book, which I read recently, stars Anjelica Huston as the thoroughly evil, German-accented Grand High Witch. The movie came out the year Dahl died, and he apparently didn’t care for it, but I mostly think it followed his book pretty closely.

The ending is different, but I suspect audiences might have been disturbed if it hadn’t been. The Wikipedia article on the book linked to articles about how Dahl was misogynistic and anti-Semitic. Whether or not that’s true, he definitely had a sadistic streak. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory subjected kids with bad habits to severe mutilation. The abusive aunts in James and the Giant Peach are crushed to death. The evil giants in The BFG are trapped underground with nothing to eat but repulsive snozzcumbers. Here, not only do we have villains who want to outright kill all the children in the country; but after the protagonists manage to defeat them, they plan to take out the witches in other nations as well. I know we’re supposed to believe that every witch in the world is plotting to murder kids, but it still seemed a bit Bush Doctrine to me. I don’t really buy that the story is against women, as it’s made clear that all witches are women (an idea pretty common nowadays even if historically there were men accused of witchcraft), but most women are not witches. Since witches can’t grow hair, however, I have to wonder if it would make kids scared of cancer patients. Okay, probably not. There’s a similar theme to Charlie with kids lacking control when it comes to candy, and the witches’ first victim is a gluttonous child much like Augustus Gloop. Jim Henson served as executive producer, and you could see his hand in the grotesque witch makeup and the mouse puppets. The transformations were handled rather gruesomely, and while I don’t recall if Dahl went into that much detail, it fit with his style of writing.

Billy Bounce – Okay, this isn’t a movie, but I thought I should comment on it seeing as how I’ve been on a bit of a Bounce kick recently. Adapted in 1963 by Tony Delmar and Don Caulfield, the cartoon is a fairly straight retelling of the first two chapters of the book, with many lines taken directly from it. My guess would be that they originally wanted to animate the entire book, but it didn’t pan out. The animation is fairly cheap, which is to be expected, but you would think they’d take more care to imitate W.W. Denslow’s illustrations. After all, he created the character, and his pictures were billed as the main draw for the book. Honey Girl and her subjects don’t even look like bees, and the inflated Billy is totally spherical. Oh, well. I’d still watch more of it if it existed.

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Wily Never Wins

The Mega Man series from Archie Comics has recently gone on hiatus after fifty-five issues. So far, the first thirty-six have been collected into graphic novels, and I’ve read all of these. Perhaps because the main series of games is pretty repetitive, the series takes its time at adapting them. The ending of the Redemption arc sets up Mega Man 3, but there’s actually a Mega Man X story before the main events of the game occur. Also included are elements from side games, including Mega Man Powered Up and <a href=>Super Adventure Rockman. The former is actually a remake of the first Mega Man game with two new Robot Masters, both of whom appear in the comics. The latter is a Japan-only game from 1996, and it sounds like its plot is pretty directly replicated. Dr. Wily finds a hidden temple in the Amazon and establishes contact with an alien intelligence called Ra Moon, who revives the Robot Masters from Mega Man 2 and 3 and creates an electromagnetic field that affects electronics around the world.

Oddly, the comic sets these events BEFORE those of MM3, meaning this is chronologically the first time Mega Man encounters the bosses from that game. This kind of thing happens fairly often, with characters from later games showing up in the plot early on. Sometimes this makes sense, and other times less so. Also utilized in the comics is the idea that Dr. Light was able to turn the Robot Masters from the first game back to his side, and they help Mega Man on various occasions. Ice Man has an unrequited crush on Roll, which makes me wonder why he doesn’t consider her a sister when Rock does and they had the same creator.

The MM2 adaptation gives explanations for most of the stages: Wood Man’s is a park, Heat Man’s a geothermal plant, Air Man’s a series of weather monitoring platforms, etc.

New recurring characters not from the games themselves include federal agents Gilbert D. Stern and Roslyn Krantz, Dr. Light’s old friend Dr. Noele Lalinde and her own Robot Master Quake Woman, the Emerald Spears anti-technology terrorist group, and Plant Man’s creator Dr. Pedro Astil.

Worthy of note is the crossover with Archie’s Sonic the Hedgehog series, which Ian Flynn has also been writing recently. I’m not as familiar with Sonic’s mythology, but the Worlds Collide collection is pretty fun, especially the interactions between Wily and Eggman.

They don’t trust each other, but as they have a common goal, they’re constantly compromising and patting each other on the back. They turn many of Sonic’s friends into Robot Masters and trick the two heroes into fighting each other. Eventually, they wise to the mad scientists’ plans and team up, and are joined by characters from both franchises.

Oddly, this includes Proto Man, even though he’s still working for Wily as Break Man at this point in the main MM series. The comic explains this, but it’s still weird. There’s actually been a second crossover, Worlds Unite, but it hasn’t yet been collected into a graphic novel.

I look forward to reading more of this series, and I hope it goes on to adapt the other games. Now we just need to get Mario back into comics.

Posted in Book Reviews, Comics, Mega Man, Sonic the Hedgehog, Video Games | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

You Will Be Assimilated

It’s become a cliché in the Oz series that the magical land is full of insular themed communities where the inhabitants either want to turn visitors into beings like them, or sometimes just keep them as slaves. In Ruth Plumly Thompson’s The Giant Horse of Oz, Trot, the Scarecrow, and the living statue Benny stumble upon Cave City and the Round-Abouties‘ roundhouse. In the former, the residents are all silhouettes, and have a blue ray that they use to turn others into shades as well.

Apparently it didn’t work on the merman Orpah, and overloads when Ozeerus tries to use it on Benny; but exactly how it works is never clarified. The Round-Abouties, who spend their lives going around in circles, aren’t so much openly hostile as that they just assume everyone wants to do the same thing they do. After escaping, Benny comments, “Everyone wishes to make us into a being like himself,” to which the Scarecrow says, “A fault you will find with people everywhere, even in your own world,” Benny originally being from Boston. So it’s light satire on Thompson’s part, but it’s also a bit overused. Even though the themed community idea was one L. Frank Baum used, he didn’t introduce quite as many as Thompson, and they generally didn’t want to make visitors assimilate. The China Country, the Cuttenclip village, and Bunbury are rightfully concerned that outsiders could cause harm to their rather fragile homes. The Thists assume visitors are like them in being able to eat thistles, but aren’t particularly upset when they find out otherwise. The Loons are surprised to find that they can’t puncture strangers, but don’t make any indication that they want to turn them into balloon people. The giant spiders do want to keep Ozma and Dorothy as slaves, but don’t insist they become spiders. So the forced assimilation is really more Thompson’s thing, but did she use it as much as people think? Here are a few possible examples, all limited to being in Oz itself, even though the theme is sometimes used with the surrounding nations as well:

Pokes – This one is a little difficult to discern, as the Pokes initially just seem disturbed at anyone who isn’t slow and lethargic like them. If that’s the only problem, though, you’d think they’d have no problem with the non-Pokes leaving town. Instead, they try to thwart the protagonists’ escape. Sir Hokus, who’s been trapped there for nearly 500 years, claims that they’re fond of him in their way.

Rith Metic – This math-themed community seeks to turn outsiders into word problems, but only after they’ve worked their way through a bunch of equations.

Un – Here, it’s the island itself that forces assimilation, causing anyone there to grow feathers when they do anything un-ish. The people themselves would rather push strangers off the edge than have them join the community.

Preservatory – The Imperial Squawmos puts everyone into jars and cans, and has convinced the inhabitants that they’ll spoil if she doesn’t. She wants to do the same to visitors without their consent.

Monday Mountain – The hostile washerwomen living here force strangers to wash clothes all the time like they do.

Play – It’s against the law in this place to do anything other than play, and the residents are so rough that it’s rarely much fun.

Blankenburg – The invisible people force others to bathe in magic water and become invisible as well.

Patch – While this place does fit the trope, as both Scraps and Peter Brown are forced to work in the castle, it doesn’t appear to be standard operating procedure for the Quilties. Scraps is their queen, apparently chosen by magic (although it later turns out the Prime Piecer and Chief Scrapper made a mistake), and the ruler of Patch has to work harder than anyone else. Peter is sold by Ruggedo in exchange for fixing a magic cloak. You’d think that the Quilties, extremely fast and diligent workers, would consider slower outsiders to just be in the way, but then the Piecer and Scrapper are likely the laziest people in the kingdom. It’s unknown whether outsiders in Patch develop the habit of eventually falling to pieces due to overwork, but Scraps seems to believe she will if she stays there.

Suds – While Sultan Shampoozle brags that the Suds can make soap out of anything, when Scraps, Peter, and Grumpy produce no lather, he instead plans to make the bear into a bath mat, the Patchwork Girl into washcloths, and the boy into soap fat. This is essentially a death sentence for all three of them.

Chimneyville – The Smokies plan to throw Peter and Jack Pumpkinhead down the chimneys so they’ll be covered in soot. I guess they don’t expect them to be turned into smoke, but it’s still basically the same thing. The visitors don’t stay long, however; but this time, it seems like Thompson thought she had to include these small, hostile towns, but rushed through these encounters. Then again, how much can you really do with a village made up of chimneys?

Scare City – Also appearing in Jack Pumpkinhead, Thompson put much more effort into this place, although a whole city dedicated entirely to scaring people is kind of bizarre. It’s not like they use screams to generate electricity or anything. Depending on the conduct of outsiders, they can either become Scares themselves, become scared stiff, or try to run away and turn into Fraid Cats.

Stair Way – The King and Queen are insistent that anyone in their kingdom spend their time going up and down the stairs, but since they’re busy climbing ladders, it’s not like they really have any way to enforce the rules.

Delves – Queen Delva wants to keep Randy and Kabumpo to serve as silver miners, threatening to destroy them if they don’t.

Double Up – While they mostly just seem to be interested in robbing travelers, they do mention wanting to use Kabumpo for log rolling.

Crystal City – When Princess Crystobel wants to marry Realbad, the court sage insists on turning him and his companions into crystal with a magic wand. It fails to work on Ojo due to a magic ring, allowing his party to escape.

Turn Town – The spinning Topsies are initially hostile because Handy Mandy steals their food, but when she and Nox agree to leave town, they’re admonished by the residents for not moving properly. Their leader, Tip-Topper, orders the people, “Fetch the Turn Coat, drive them to the turning point and we’ll turn them to Topsies in two shakes of a tent pole.” We never actually see how this process works, however.

Gaper’s Gulch – The Gapers are upset that Kabumpo and Randy aren’t buried and sleeping during hibernation season, and try to force it on them. Once they explain that they don’t want to do this, the people are fairly friendly, if impatient. The Wakes, who maintain an opposite hibernation schedule, even invite the visitors to dine with them.

Headland – Disembodied heads are perhaps disturbingly common in the Oz series, and here’s a whole community of them, using their ears to fly around. They try to cut off strangers’ bodies, promising that they can stretch people’s ears to enable them to fly as well.

Tidy Town – Mix-Master Max wants to keep Tompy and Yankee not to turn them into more packaged people, but so he can talk to them whenever he wants.

Dog Wood – The dogs want to keep David Perry as a pet.

John R. Neill doesn’t use this idea all that much, although perhaps you could count Jack Pott wanting to keep Bucky in his kingdom to play checkers constantly.

There’s a similar incident with the Gamekeeper in Dick Martin’s Ozmapolitan.

Rachel Cosgrove Payes and the McGraws both played it pretty straight, probably because by that point it was just considered what you did in an Oz book. Hidden Valley has the inhabitants of Bookville, who want to make outsiders into books or accessories to use in book-making. They sentence the Scarecrow to be made into rag content, and the Tin Woodman into machinery for printing presses. In the same book, the Snowmen of Icetown want to freeze the protagonists into snow people themselves, although I have to wonder how effective this would really be. People don’t turn into snow when they freeze. As with many of these incidents, the heroes escape, so there’s no indication as to how often their conversion process actually works. In some cases, such as the silhouettes of Cave City, I suspect that’s how all of them received their present forms; but in others that seems unlikely. In Wicked Witch, a community of hummingbirds have a means of magical assimilation that DOES work, nectar that makes other living things grow wings. It doesn’t last all that long, though; they expect the new members of their society to keep drinking it.

The McGraws tended to make their strange settlements well-meaning but clueless, as with the fox-hunters of View-Halloo who can’t imagine anyone doesn’t spend their lives engaged in that sport, and the nannies in Good Children’s Land who treat everyone like their goody-goody charges. Even Clockwise, the tinker in Wyndup Town who can’t see how anybody could function without mechanical works and a wind-up key, is more bizarrely eccentric than nasty.

Posted in Dick Martin, Eloise Jarvis McGraw, John R. Neill, L. Frank Baum, Magic Items, Oz, Oz Authors, Places, Ruth Plumly Thompson, Uncategorized | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Campaign Catch Phrases

It’s always a little weird when people insist they want their country back, as it supposes there was a time when the nation was exactly like they wanted it. Not to mention that it often seems to be rich white guys saying this. If you feel powerless, how do you think the rest of us feel? A guest on the most recent episode of Real Time with Bill Maher pointed out just how old this argument is, with people thinking opposing factions had hijacked the American Revolution. He said that both Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders appealed to people with such a mentality, only on opposite sides of the spectrum. I have to say that I don’t think the Sanders supporters ever DID have much control over the country. It’s pretty much inevitable that people with more resources and connections are the ones in charge, and the progressive position is that this needs to change. We don’t want our country BACK; we just want to have more say than we do now and have historically had.

There has certainly been a lot of progress over the years,including the expansion of voting rights to people who don’t own land, minorities, and women. On the other hand, there are recent decisions like corporate personhood and Citizens United that are basically throwbacks. History is not a straight march forward, and there’s the question of whether certain developments really are for the best. And some people these days are just SO wealthy that even other rich people are somewhat powerless in comparison. Also, for some reason, it seems that people who DO have money and power, far from living the carefree lives that you (or at least I) might expect, are instead always worried about losing it and are constantly seeking more. I’m sorry, but even though nobody likes paying taxes, I can’t be all that sympathetic to an ever-so-slight increase in the upper-class tax rate. It’s even more ridiculous considering how high their tax rate was a mere sixty or so years ago, not that they didn’t find loopholes even then. I also can’t really sympathize with people who aren’t rich but make all their decisions based on the fact that they could be someday (Joe the Plumber from John McCain’s campaign was a good example of this), or anyone who’s upset that someone else has been granted the rights they had all along.

Another kind of annoying thing I’m always hearing from politicians is that they want common-sense solutions. I’ll admit that common sense has never been my strong point, but it’s basically knowledge most people are expected to have in everyday situations, right? But the situations that presidents and legislators have to deal with are not at all common or everyday, so how would that apply? There’s no one simple way to address foreign policy, nuclear proliferation, climate change, or the budget. No matter what you do, there are going to be pros and cons, and often unforeseen consequences.

It seems like people don’t want to grasp how complex such issues are, and want to think there are really easy answers that our leaders could do if they didn’t obfuscate everything. And that leads into another obnoxious political phrase: “I’m a uniter, not a divider.” I seem to remember George W. Bush saying this a few times.

You know, the guy who likely lost the popular vote the first time, started unpopular wars with no exit strategy, and ended up with an approval rating somewhere in the twenties. Yeah, way to unite the country! But it’s not just him. Doing pretty much ANYTHING in politics is going to be divisive. How could it not be? It’s especially ridiculous when people who say they’re uniters refuse to compromise, but it’s not like compromise isn’t controversial.

The Affordable Care Act was the result of compromise, and it’s constantly criticized by both the right and left. It’s all very well to reach across the aisle, but you can’t do that across every aisle at once. By the way, “reach across the aisle” is another stock phrase that candidates use constantly.

Maybe we need to have buzzers that sound at debates and speeches when people use these phrases. While we’re at it, do Republicans have to keep accusing Obama of “leading from behind”? Can’t they at least explain what it means?

Not that it would make sense to vote based on how original someone’s language is, but the whole game gets obnoxiously repetitive after a while. Anyway, God bless America. I just wish the nation would stop sneezing so much.

Posted in Current Events, Economics, History, Language, Politics, Real Time with Bill Maher, Television | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment